Defensive Driving



Driving involves risk – a risk that you may crash and that you or others may be injured or killed. Defensive drivers aim to reduce and manage this risk.

What are the risks?*

Risk of crashing or being seriously hurt in a traffic crash is increased by:

  • driving when affected by alcohol or drugs
  • speeding
  • using mobile phones and other electronic devices
  • passengers in your car
  • other types of distractions inside and outside your car
  • fatigue – driving when tired
  • not wearing a seatbelt
  • poor vehicle maintenance.

What are the Key Principles of a Watto Training Defensive Driving Course?

We focus on:

The Fatal Five
  • Speeding
  • Drink and Drug Driving
  • Failure to Wear a Seatbelt
  • Driving while Fatigued
  • Distraction and Inattention
The Five Most Common Types of Crashes
  • Running red lights or other traffic controls such as stop or give way signs
  • When a stopped vehicle or in the process of stopping gets struck from the rear
  • Running off the road and striking an object
  • Swerving into another occupied lane
  • Turning left and colliding with an oncoming vehicle
The Five Rules of Observation
  • Aim High in Steering
  • Keep Your Eyes Moving
  • Get the Big Picture
  • Leave yourself an ‘out’ (aka Have an Escape)
  • Make Sure Other Drivers See You
The Five Practical Activities
  • Vehicle Checks and Basic Vehicle Maintenance and Inspection
  • Straight Line Dry/Wet Braking at Different Speeds (ABS vs non-ABS)
  • Steering and Vision
  • Following Distance Demo
  • Cornering Techniques

What does research tell us? +

Most defensive driver training tends to concentrate on skills and knowledge relevant to crash situations, that is, what to do to avoid crashes or how to minimise the severity of a crash situation. However, crashes, particularly those involving death or injury, are rare events for most drivers so these skills seldom need to be applied. When the skills are not practised, they are to a large extent forgotten when required at some time in the future. Most drivers develop additional skills which are more important for day-to-driving, such as hazard perception and the ability to manage distractions, through experience and practice.

In recent years, Australian and international research has shown that new drivers—particularly young males—who undertake a defensive driving or advanced driving course have a higher crash risk than those who do not.

Courses that concentrate on car control (for example skid recovery, cornering, and braking) have been shown to increase new drivers’ confidence—making them overly confident in their skills—and encourage them to try risky manoeuvres and put themselves in dangerous situations on our roads.

What are the Benefits of doing a Defensive Driving Course?

The benefits of a Defensive Driving Course can include:

  • reduced death and injury and all their related personal, social and economic costs
  • greater productivity through increases in vehicle use for fleet operators
  • greater ability to manage the fleet safely by using fleet safety and incident information.

Traffic Crashes #

Young drivers aged 17 – 25 account for 23% of all driver fatalities and are at least 50% more likely to be involved in a fatal crash.



Full payment must be received prior to course enrolment.


A student who wishes to cancel their enrolment must give notice in writing. This may be via email or letter. Watto Training staff who are approached with initial notice of cancelation are to ensure the student understands their rights with regards to the refunding of tuition fees. The student is also to be advised of other options such as suspending the enrolment and re-commencing in another scheduled training program.

Students who give written notice to cancel their enrolment and who are eligible for a refund are to be provided with a Refund Request Form. Student who may not be eligible but are requesting a refund should also be provided with the request form so the request can be properly considered by the Chief Executive Officer.


The following refund policy will apply:

Students who give notice to cancel their enrolment more than 10 days prior to the commencement of a program will be entitled to a full refund of fees paid.

Students who give notice to cancel their enrolment less than 10 days prior to the commencement of a program will be entitled to a 75% refund of fees paid. The amount retained (25%) by Watto Training is required to cover the costs of staff and resources which will have already been committed based on the students initial intention to undertake the training.

Students who cancel their enrolment after a training program has commenced will not be entitled to a refund of fees.

Discretion may be exercised by the Chief Executive Officer in all situations, if the student can demonstrate that extenuating or significant personal circumstance led to their withdrawal. In these cases, the student should be offered a full credit toward the tuition fee in another scheduled program in-lue of a refund. Chief Executive Officer may also authorise a refund of tuition fees if the circumstances require it.

Where refunds are approved, the refund payment must be paid to the student within 14 days from the time the student gave written notice to cancel their enrolment. Tuition refunds are to be paid via electronic funds transfer using the authorised bank account nominated by the student on the Refund Request Form.

Our Guarantee to Clients

If for any reason Watto Training is unable to fulfil its service agreement with a student, Watto Training must issue a full refund for any services not provided. The basis for determining “services not provided” is to be based on the units of competency completed by the student and which can be issued in a statement of attainment at the time the service is terminated.

Privacy Policy

Watto Training takes the privacy of students very seriously and complies with all legislative requirements. These include the Privacy Act 1988 and National Privacy Principles (2008).

Our Team

Our trainers are selected for their industry experience, practical skills and knowledge, as well as passion for life, people and learning. The professionalism of our trainers provides clients with the reassurance that their service and delivery expectations will be met. Trainers utilise innovative training techniques and ensure a safe environment in which participants are able to transfer the theoretical and practical knowledge they have gained in the classroom to their workplaces.

Contact Information

Telephone: 0459 840 006

# source – RACQ
+ source – TMR
* source – VicRoads

Watto Training RTO Number 40791

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